Critical infrastructure

Hong Kong is closely linked with the mainland. With the development of cross-border transportation networks and cross-border facilities, there are frequent links between the two places, and cross-border passenger traffic has been on the rise in recent years. In 2018, more than 0.235 billion passengers crossed by land, including Lo Wu Lok Ma Chau Spur Line, Hung Hom, Shenzhen Bay Port, Lok Ma Chau (Huanggang), Sha Tau Kok, Man Kam To, West Kowloon Station and Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macao Bridge (HZMB) Hong Kong Port, with an average daily passenger traffic exceeding 640 000.

Guangzhou-Shenzhen-Hong Kong high-speed railway (XRL) is linked to the national high-speed rail network, greatly shortening travel time between Hong Kong and Shenzhen, Guangzhou and other cities in the Pearl River Delta. it has consolidated hong kong's position as a regional transport hub. As of June 2019, the average daily passenger volume of XRL Hong Kong on weekdays and weekends exceeded 54,000.

HZMB has been running smoothly, and the vehicle flow is gradually increasing. The HKSAR government has been in discussions with the governments of Guangdong Province and Macao to gradually increase the quota of cross-boundary vehicles using HZMB. At present, the total number of Guangdong-Hong Kong cross-boundary private car quotas (applicable to Hong Kong cross-boundary private cars) using HZMB has reached 14 500. In addition, there are 33,000 Hong Kong cross-boundary private cars that can use the other four land border control points connecting Shenzhen for two years on a trial basis and can use HZMB to travel between Hong Kong and Zhuhai without other management measuresGuangdong Provincial Public Security Department introduced the quota system for cross-border private cars in Guangdong and Hong Kong on April 15, 2019, including relaxing application standards and strengthening quota management.

Liantang/Heung Yuen Wai Boundary Control Point (LT/HYW BCP) is the seventh land boundary between Hong Kong and Shenzhen. It can be directly accessed by passengers and vehicles. It is one of the important infrastructure facilities to strengthen the cross-border transportation connection of Guangdong, Hong Kong and Macao (Greater Bay Area). It can provide Hong Kong with greater development space, promote the flow of people and goods, and promote economic development and regional cooperation under. The Hong Kong and Guangdong governments have agreed to grant 2000 and 200 quotas for cross-boundary private cars in Hong Kong and the Mainland respectively before the new BCP is launched. Guangdong Provincial Public Security Department to AcceptNew quota applicationstarts on June 12, 2019.

high-speed rail, Hong Kong Railway and LT/HYW BCP will further enhance the capacity of Hong Kong's transit facilities to meet the increasing cross-border passenger traffic. Coupled with the transportation infrastructure connecting the two sides of the Pearl River, such as the Nansha Bridge and the Shenzhen Zhongshan Bridge, it will further improve the transportation connectivity in the Greater Bay Area and create favorable conditions for attracting mainland and overseas talents to enter the Greater Bay Area.